Brief History of the Armenian Issue and Present Conflicts

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In the 6th century B.C. some tribes from Balkans crossed Anatolia and Black Sea, then they sattled at aroud Caucasia where the people named Hay (Armenian). Persians and Eastern Romans (Byzantine) named Armenians. In 387 B.C., Armenians were divided as Eastern and Western Armenians. Easterns are Caucasian Persian Armenians, Westerns are Anatolian and Syrian Armenians.

From those past days to 1071 Malazgirt, Armenians were under the Byzantine Empire. As it is well know Byzantines were Orthodox, Armenians were Gregorian Christians. According to the archives Armenians were suffering so badly under the Byzantines and its Orthodox Church. They were exiles 2 times. They even couldn’t come to İstanbul (Constantinopolis). Their lands, villiges, castles were taken away from their hands, everthing was abonded from them.

After the Malazgirt (1071) and even before durşng the Çağrı Bey and Tuğrul Bey (1050’s) Armenians met the Turks and They trusted them. From 11th century to the 19th century the Turks and the Armenians lived in a peace together. Many schollars says that in the Western World the Armenians are “Christian Turks.”

In addition to this, After conquering İstanbul, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet the Second allowed the Eastern Orthodox Church Patriarchate of Constantinople to stay in the city. Also Fatih Sultan Mehmet asked the Armenians to establish their own church in the new Ottoman capital, as part of the “Millet system.” From 1453 on the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople acted as a superior religious institution in the Ottoman Empire, even standing over the Armenian Catholicos. However, for a short period, the Orthodox Church of the Syria was also placed under the jurisdiction of the Armenian Patriarchate. In 19th century the Ottoman Porte called the Armenians as “Millet-i Sadıka” (Loyal People).

19th Century, the Turks and Armenian Relations:

Prof. Dr. Justin McCharty says that: “If you look at the Eastern Anatolia, you will notice that there are two fronts that were fought by the Ottomans and the Russians. One front was the Russian Front and the other one was the Iranian Front.”

Russians dreams are the landing in hot seas for ages since Tsar Petro. For the Russians there were to ways to come to hot seas. The firts way was the Balkans and the second one was the Caucasia. Today the ways are still same. But the problem was that the Ottomans controlled the Balkans and most part of the Caucasia during the 19th century. Balkans were mix rages and religons like Greeks, Slavs, Albenians, Turks, Muslims, Christians, Jews and etc… The Caucasia’s majority were Muslims, there were only Armenians and Georgians whom were Christians and some minorities.

Russians first impacted to the Balkans by “Panslavism” and they became succesfull but the Great Britain and France did not let the Russians go more further because the Balkans belongs to Europe. In Caucasia and Eastern Anatolia, Russians found their allies. Unfortunately, they were loyal people Armenians.

During the last there decades of the 19th century and during the first two of the 20th century the Ottoman Empire was faced with a host of domestic and foreign threats and dangers, and with wars and struggles that it was forced to engage in. Without beign aware of the attempts to hinder, maneuver, and direct the empire’s every attempt to flourish and protect its existence, it is impossible either to understand or assess the events that took place in the historical process or the policies that were pursued. The events of this half-century led to a steady attrition of the empire’s resources of manpower, land, and much more and also made it inevitable that this great Turkish State would be broken up, that its territory would be occupied by foreign powers, and that it would become a thing of the past.

The Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878 and its consequences laid the groundwork for European countries establishment of a system whereby they sought to pay the price of the political balance they wished to preserve in Europe with the land, dominions, resources, and manpower of the Ottoman Empire and they mad eit possible for them to develop that sytem. Between 1870 and 1920, the Ottoman Empire lost %85 of the land under its dominion and control and %75 of its population.

However, the rights and liberties of the Armenian minorities in the Ottoman Empire, their economic opportunities and assets, and their social and cultural lives were more advanced and developed than those of other minorities and indeed than those of the Muslim Turks elements as well. Until the Ottoman-Russian war of 1877-1878 indeed tot until the end of the war, there was no “Armenian Question” in the Ottoman Empire, no “Armenian Issue.”

There were to be sure, disagrements among the Armenians themselves and these were within their own organizations and were based predominantly on sectarian differences; but there were no disagreements with the Ottoman Empire or government. Before this date, incidents along the eastern border and in the areas near the border in which Armenian communities with Russian or Persian influence began migrating or provided Russia with support in wars were nearly all of a localized nature and never took the form of a rebellion or revolution.

The Armenians demonstrated no sectarian unity and adhered to three churches. The majority were members of the Gregorian Church and this was followed in number by the Armenian Catholic Church. As for the Armenian Protestant Church, it was still in a state of development having been founded in the first half of the 19th century. Because the Armenians never constituted a majority anywhere and furthermore because they were divided along sectarian lines, they were insufficent in number to maintain their national cultures as such other Christian communities as the Greeks, Bulgarians, Serbs, etc… had managed to do in the face of Turkish culture and in many aspects they had become Turkish.

Despite all this, unfortunately Armenians started to kill and genocide the their Turkish brothers and sisters with the help of Russia, France and England.

One of the most accomplished specialists in the History discipline deceased Prof. Dr. Stanford Shaw said that: “Even the Armenian terror in Adana events (1908-1909) showed us the size of the Armenian atrocities.” The burned and fragmented scent of human corpses surrounded everywhere in Adana. These Armenian massacres were lasted until 1919. In addition another massacres lasted till 1922 by Greeks and its army.

If we come to present days, on July 12, the decades-long conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalated into a major military confrontation along the state border straddling Azerbaijan’s Tovuz and Armenia’s Tavush regions. The clashes, involving heavy artillery as well as aerial drones, resulted in the deaths of several military personnel and civilians along with the destruction of infrastructure in the border region. On July 13, it was reported that the two sides also fought along the border in Azerbaijan’s Nakchivan exclave, which is nestled between Turkey, Iran and Armenia. As of July 14, press accounts state that seven Azerbaijani service members, including a major general and a colonel, were killed, while Armenia has reported the loss of two military officers.

These attacks are planned by Russia and France! Because Turkey has several military and political successes in Syria, Iraq, Libya and Eastern Mediterranean region againts to Greece, Southern Greek Side of Cyprus, Eygpt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, France, Russia and U.S.

Imperialist states wants to open a new front to Turkey. Maybe the Armenian army attacked the Azerbaijan but behind the scenes these attacks are againts to Turkey.

What ever they do, Turkey is going to be successful again and again in the region and it will always be act with brother Turkish State of Azerbaijan.

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